Educational Segment | StockChase
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Compiling comments that experts make about stocks while on public TV.

Educational Segment

Date Expert Opinion Subject
2017-01-16 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Smart Beta ETFs.  Sustainable yield.  High dividend stocks can’t usually sustain the high dividends.  Sphere’s strategy aims to offer sustainable dividends.  You have to eliminate stocks from an ETF that can’t sustain high dividends.  They have a screen for these companies.  You lose a little yield, but greatly reduce volatility.  SHC-T is a Canadian sustainable high yield ETF.  They have US, Europe, Asian etc as well.  It is not always about the MERs. 

2017-01-09 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  How to play the market if you are risk adverse in 2017.  Are Trump policies coming in or not?  Over the last 10 years the marginal tax rate for corporations has come down from 50% in 1955 to 35% recently.  Analysts expect 22% earnings growth from the S&P.  The PE of the S&P is 21 times.  It is a 23% world GDP economy.  The banks have been the big leader since the election.  It’s going to take a lot of interest rate hike to get the banks back to where they should be with interest rate spreads.  There is a new president, first term, new party.  The average pattern has half a percent gain.  We have already exceeded that.  The inauguration is pretty much the high point for the year.  Get into options late in the market cycle. 

2016-12-19 Don Vialoux

Educational Segment.  When Stocks are Overbought or Oversold.  Look at the percentage of stocks above and below their 50 day moving average.  Below 20% (30% in Canada) is a buying opportunity and above 80% is a selling opportunity.  These give you signs of the market preparing to sell off or to go up after buying.  He suggests you hold off until inauguration day and then you have a good opportunity to take money off the table.

2016-12-12 Hap (Robert) Sneddon FCSI

Educational Segment.  How to Use Stop Losses.  It is part of risk management.  Look at your position sizing.  Do you have too much in one stock because it has done so well.  Knowing when to sell is a hard thing.  Look at the beta of your portfolio.  To exit, you could use a volatility stop (VSTOP – Google it).  ‘VSTOP’ is a calculated stop loss point that incorporates the volatility in the stock.  Look at moving averages.  You might sell if it breaks the 10 day.

2016-12-05 Don Vialoux

Educational Segment.  Why the TSX outperforms in the early part of the year.  The Canadian market outperforms the US from December to the end of February.  It has to do with commodity prices, which move higher.  Crude oil is at the end of its seasonal weakness after which it moves higher.  Silver moves higher from December into March.  Copper moves higher from now until April.  Gasoline goes up from now until the beginning of March. 

2016-11-21 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Momentum and value in smart beta ETFs.  Vanguard has a couple of smart strategies.  They think smart indexing is an active strategy.  They debate Larry in disagreeing it is active in that it is a set of rules.  The Momentum strategy is benefiting from a behavioral bias in the market place where investors are slow to react.  The Liquidity strategy focuses on companies that are smaller and don’t trade as much, aren’t in the news as much and so may be undervalued.  Investors overpay for liquidity in the market place.  Less liquid names, also have more risk.  A quarter of Vanguards assets under management are actively managed.

2016-11-14 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Smart Beta ETFs.  First asset’s approach is to work with morning start.  They have been working on quantitative modeling with dates going back to the 1980s.  They created a screen.  They look for companies that are trading below net asset value and have growth potential.  They screen for companies with price momentum as well as earnings momentum while having value.  These two strategies since inception have extracted some of the better companies.  Over 2 years the two strategies together outperform 90% of the time and 100% of the time over 4 years.  VRX-T was in the momentum portion and was rebalanced on a quarterly basis and got trimmed back.  You could equal weight the strategies.

2016-11-07 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Smart ETFs - Multi-factor products.  iShares has a forecast on where things are going.  They see $1 Trillion US$ by 2020 and 2.5 by 2025 in these products.   There are two factors suggesting these forecasts:  They has the potential to disrupt active management; and the have the potential to address the challenges investors are facing in today’s market.  What is new about mult- factor investing is the technology. It is based on long term proven drivers of return.  Their approach of combining factors means you don’t have to forecast which is the winning factor of the future.  Value, size, quality and momentum are the four factors they combine into one investment solution.  If you look at F-class (compensation component of cost is removed) mutual funds they have a cost of just below 1%.  iShares multi-factor ETFs are 45 basis points.  It is more affordable.

2016-10-31 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Fundamental Indexing.  Market Cap indexes are the traditional way to do indexes and fundamental indexing looks at cash flow, profitability, dividend sustainability and so on.  It is a rules based approach that focuses on the strength of the underlying companies.  Market weight is a popularity contest.  E.g. Nortel.  It went from 3% to 30% of the TSX index.  It represents a key flaw of market weight investing.  You would have ridden it all the way back down.  VRX-T did something similar being 9% of the TSX 60 at its height.  Returns are better in fundamental indexing rather than market cap indexing.  It will not win over every part of the cycle but long term it wins.  Larry’s guest runs his screen once per year.  Running it more often incurs trading costs and so on.  Research shows you only run it once a year.  These funds have a few basis points more MER and are worth it.

2016-10-24 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Smart Beta ETFs.  They are smart indexing products.  Low beta or volatility strategies address investor outcomes using Beta.  They look for low beta.  If you weight beta and ensure diversification across the market place, you get less risk.  Low beta is not expensive but in line with the market place.   There is also a ‘quality’ based set of ETFs.  They look at debt to equity to reduce volatility.  These ETFs are managed by computer and not actively managed by a portfolio manager.  You pay a bit more than a non-smart ETF.  The low volatility and higher quality strategies have historically done better through history.

2016-10-17 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  ‘Smart’ ETFs.  A Beta of 1 means ‘market’. They researched factors back to the 1950s and if you screen for these factors you can do better than market weighted portfolios.  You can pay a bit more, but you get a slightly better return.  Smart ETFs are rule based rather than actively managed.  This is the fastest growing area in ETFs.

2016-10-03 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Today's educational segment was pre-empted by an announcement by the federal government on housing.

2016-09-26 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Currency effects on your portfolio.  Over the next decade, average returns are going to be lower.  When you invest globally, currency is the most important consideration.  When the CAD$ is getting weaker, you are making money. However, when it gets weaker, it reduces profits.  With ETFs you can control the currency.  Currency explains about 70% of the difference in returns when investing globally. 

2016-09-19 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  The market thinks the likelihood is 18% for a rate hike.  He thinks they will go for it this week, however.  They have not unexpectedly raised rates since 1994.  ’94 was the worse bond market we had for a generation.  This will not be similar.  It is all about the psychology of how they do it.  We will almost certainly get another recession in the next couple of years and Canada and the US will have to go to negative interest rates.  Economic numbers are getting worse, but the market has not reacted. 

2016-09-12 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Increased Volatility Coming to the Markets.  There are lots of ways to measure it.  One way is to use the Bollinger bands.  It uses 20 days, or about a month.  The spread got down to below 2% for the longest period in decades recently.  We had ultra low volatility.  In history all the times it has fallen below 2%, we are in for a period of a market correction.  It does not help us to know how long the correction will be.  He believes it will be at least a couple of months.

2016-08-29 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  The US$.  The market changed dramatically after the Fed said the rates were to go up September and December both.  The Euro is 57.6% of the US dollar index, so it matters what Europe does.  The notion that currency doesn’t matter is wrong.  It is the most important factor when investing.  A rate hike will put downward pressure on commodities and upward pressure on the US$.  He thinks we re-test the Brexit lows over the next couple of months.

2016-08-22 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Why rates can rise and what to do to take advantage.  Bernanke has used this week’s speech in the past to change things.  Last week we had the minutes from the July meeting causing the market to see no raised rates.  Since then a number of Fed speakers have said it could change.  There is still only a 26% chance they raise rates in September.  He thinks the Fed are not considering the election in making interest rate increase decisions.  He thinks there is a much higher chance that rates go up in September.  He recommends sitting in US cash and make 3-4% while you wait.  DLR-T and PSU.U-T and SHV-N play the US dollar as well.  

2016-08-15 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment – Fewer and fewer stocks are lifting the markets and this should concern investors.  Market breadth is an important concept.  He looks at stocks making new 52 week highs.  100 or more stocks is a lot of stocks to make 52 week highs.  The top 10 holdings in the S&P are 18% of the market and can lift it.  He showed a chart of the number of stocks making new highs over time.  The market is going up and the percentage of stocks making new highs is low compared to 2013-2015.  This is not a broad based rally but late cycle.  There are big risks for downgrades in the fourth quarter.  He compared the consumer cyclical and retailing.  The latter is not doing well but the big names are doing well and lifting the index.  You should look at what the whole market is doing.  It is not a robust trend 8 years into a bull market.  It is not a broad based rally so don’t chase it.

2016-07-25 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Concerns about the weekend’s G20 meeting.  They are agreeing to continue spending and not worrying about who is going to pay for it.  We need the growth pickup in the world, but the problem is the debt getting bigger.  150% of the world’s GDP has come from debt since the Lehman moment.  You can’t stimulate by weakening your currency, but that is what they are doing.  Infrastructure ETFs are very expensive right now.

2016-07-18 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Crisis for Savers.  In Europe in asset classes, there will be negative real returns.  They expect 4.3% in emerging markets.  The buy and hold world is going to be challenged for the next number of years.  Fixed income and treasuries are looking negative.  Small caps are looking like zero returns.  Higher volatility investments will have higher returns.  Most returns come from the currency of the country. 

2016-07-11 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Earnings Season.  Brexit and so on will get pushed to the back burner temporarily.  The focus will be on earnings.  Revenue is important.  The S&P is expected to decline in earnings for the 5th quarter in a row.  It is expected to be down 0.8%.  Next year the expectation is that revenue growth comes back.  Technology and financials are expected to be bad for Q2/16, but to grow a lot in 2017.  Price to sales ratio.  In ’98 to ’00, markets doubled.  The price of the S&P vs. its revenue got to a little over 2.  We don’t have that same economic tailwind now.  The current ratio is 1.9.  When the price to sales ratio is this extreme, companies miss all the time in earnings.  There is a risk of a 10 to 15% correction.

2016-07-04 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Is Italy Too Big to Fail?  Italian vs. European banks:  all banks across Europe are underperforming.  In Italy, 20% of all outstanding loans are non-performing.  The Spanish banking index has been dropping since 2014.  It is by no means free and clear for Europe.  This is a big challenge and it is not over by a long shot.  Markets are going to stay volatile for a long time yet.

2016-06-27 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment. Brexit. At the end of every Bear cycle, if you are still bearish you make no money, markets rally. At the end of every Bull cycle, the Bulls have to feel some pain when things go down. Every correction we have seen in the last couple of years has been 1 month or 2, and then a recovery. Thinks BREXIT is enough of a catalyst, that this time it is going to be more painful, taking out the lows that we have seen earlier this year, and in the middle of last year. He showed the STOXX 600 Banking Index (European bank index chart). It showed the 08-09 lows, and lower lows in 2012. Today we are at about 6% from those lows of 2012. Those lows need to be tested and probably to be taken out at a minimum before we see people confident about coming back in to European banks. He then showed the STOXX 600, which is like the S&P 500 of Europe, a benchmark of all the European countries including the UK. Chart shows a long upward trend line from 2008, and we are sitting on the trend line now. If it breaks where do we go. Retracement levels are where you look for where the market might come back to. The trend line is almost certainly going to break, and that adds to the broader European markets of another 10%-15% downside. On fundamentals, looking at the last 5 years of the earnings, earnings have been going down. Negative interest rates don’t work, they are toxic. He doesn’t know how they stabilize things, and there is more downside to come. Fundamentally we have to go down lower, there has to be some pain. The US and Canadian markets are going to come down in sympathy. They probably retest February lows, and let hope it holds.

2016-06-20 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment. Brexit? Feels Brexit is probably not going to happen. Generally speaking, the undecided voter speaks for the status quo. What is happening globally is the anti-establishment vote. More and more people are upset. He doesn’t think Europe works in the common currency and in some of the things they are trying to do. Loves the idea of the EU and Europe working together, but the reality is that these countries did not meet their criteria and debt is a problem. A chart on the British pound shows that it broke down in January at about 1.48-1.49 when this really started to get in the mainstream. The long-term multi-decade support of 1.39-1.40 is the range. If the British pound gets above 1.49 or below 1.39 that is going to tell you how things are going to play out.

2016-06-13 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment. Downside of negative interest rates. Negative interest rates are really stealing money away from pensioners and savers. Did a little heat map of the term structure of interest rates going 2 to 30 years in the various countries. Canada, US and UK still have relatively normal yield curves, although yields are pretty much as low as they have ever been. However, in Europe and Japan you’ve got negative interest rates. There are over $10 trillion of government yields with negative interest rates. Last week the ECB started buying corporate bonds, and there is a good chance that some corporates are going to be able to issue bonds with negative interest rates. He showed a 2006-2016 chart of the total returns of the entire US market comparing the history of stock and bond returns. When stocks go down, bonds are generally the offset. The problem in the pension world going forward is that interest rates are so low that in order to get that balance return of 6%-7%-8%, you have to use stocks, but only if you can handle the ride. The volatility is very, very different. If global bonds are going to yield 1%, in order to get your 7% in a balanced portfolio, you have to get 14%-15% in stocks. Where valuation is today, that is not doable. A passive “buy and hold” portfolio is going to be very challenging.

2016-06-06 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Growth.  The ECRI have some great free stuff on their web site.  Dips in the GDI below 0 mean we are in a recession.  Less than 2% is a period of stagnation and is where it has been for the last couple of years.   We can expect this to continue and it depends somewhat on who wins the election and what they do with minimum wage laws.  Another great indicator is a 20 country coincident growth diffusion indicator.  Below .50 is contractionary and that is where it has been over the last couple of years. 

2016-05-30 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational segment.  Sell in May and Go Away?  On May 19 we broke the neck like of the head and shoulders pattern.  The bulls are now back in control.  Seasonally there is talk of selling in May.  Historically this has worked.  From 1928 to today in the the S&P, he showed a chart of weekly price returns and it is flat May to October each year.  The fourth year of a presidential year is different.  The seasonal patterns for the next couple of months in 4th years are quite positive.  There is weakness in September and October, however.

2016-05-16 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Head and Shoulders Pattern.  This is THE best pattern and the most reliable pattern.  You get higher highs and high lows over a period of time and then you make a lower high and a lower low.  The neck line is the trend from shoulder to shoulder.  We had the S&P in an uptrend since Feb lows and then in April it had a head and in May it is having a second shoulder.  You have a lot of support in the 1970 area and if you are going to buy in the next while, it will be a good time.  However, he is worried about the market in September/October. 

2016-05-09 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment. Companies buying back shares.  There are a couple of ETFs that focus on these companies.  When you look at what share buy backs have done over the last 7 years to earnings, it has grossed up earnings per share by 25% for the S&P.  Companies generally buy back 10 to 15% of shares when they do so.  The earnings per share go up, but the EPS goes down.  The market likes share buy backs, but it indicates the company does not see many growth prospects for themselves.  There is a buyback index.  Buying back shares was good until 2000.  It is not good when interest rates are likely to rise.  PKW-T does not always outperform and has not been doing so for the last year.  Watch out when companies are increasing the rate of buying back shares.

2016-05-02 Larry Berman CFA, CMT, CTA

Educational Segment.  Artificial Intelligence and ETFs.  The Buzz Index.  His guest looks at social media and identifies the top 25 stocks with the most bullish prospects.  He uses the power of the computer to scan social media for comments he is looking for.  Software uses natural language processing.  He also tries to gauge how many people are listening to the person posting. 

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